In John 17:4 Jesus refers to the work He has already accomplished.
I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do.
Suffering a sacrificial death and rising in power were not the only assignments given to Jesus. In John 17:6-13 He lists out the work He accomplished before going to the cross. These verses serve as an outline of the pastoral ministry of Jesus Christ. These verses set before us the four essential practices of pastoral ministry. What Jesus exampled in His ministry and reviews in prayer here before His Father are the essence of being a shepherd to the flock of God.
The first essential work of pastoral ministry is given in 17:6 –
I manifested Your name to the men You gave Me out of the world.
The second essential work of pastoral ministry is given in 17:7-8
I gave them Your words…
Please note the order of the prayer of Jesus
Jesus says in v8 that He has given the disciples the Word of God, but He did so only after manifesting the Name of God, which means He demonstrated the character of God. Word follows Name. This order is so crucial that if you don’t follow it your ministry will ultimately be of no effect. Gehazi had the staff of Elisha, but he did not have the heart or the power of Elisha. The staff of Elisha without the mantle of Elisha was powerless to evoke even a stir from the dead child. If you preach the Word of God without manifesting the Name of God your preaching will be dead. We all know that it is easier to speak the Word of God than it is to manifest His Name – this is why there is more preaching of Christ than demonstration of Christ. It is easier for me to tell you to love your neighbor than for me to love my neighbor. Many have heard of the gospel from preachers who do not live the gospel. The Word without the Name has driven many away from Christ.
I once lived down the street from a man with whom I became acquainted. He learned that I was a pastor and began to tell me about his involvement years before in an evangelical church. From singing in the choir to sometimes working with the youth, he contributed to the ministry and was blessed in return. He went on to tell me about being in a casino in Reno and seeing a deacon from his church at the roulette wheel. He couldn’t believe that a leader from his church would be gambling. (It was OK for him, but not for the deacon – go figure!) From that time on he hadn’t stepped into a church because he was so disillusioned and disappointed. In his mind, the deacon was denying and defiling the Name. Conservative theology wasn’t enough for him, he wanted to see the Name fleshed out in the leadership. Along with the Truth preached he wanted to see the Life lived. So many have been grievously wounded and deeply offended by a church with the Word without the Name. So many have been turned away by the Truth not adorned with the Life.
Truly, we are often the Church of No-Name.
Imagine that you are approached by a 300 lb. man who tells you that he has been on a diet for ten years. He goes on to tell you that it is the best diet he has even been on and he just can’t say enough about it. You ask a few questions and then finally ask how much he weighed before he began. You figure that ten years ago he must have really been big to still be at 300 pounds today. He tells you that ten years ago he weighed 310 pounds! You quickly do the math and realize that he has lost only one pound a year in the last ten years. You ask him again just to make sure you heard right and he confirms what he just said. Well, to say the least, you are underwhelmed. You immediately go from mildly interested to perplexed. All of his talk, his rosy testimony, his enthusiastic endorsement have been erased by one simple fact – that to which he has been passionately committed to these past ten years has made no difference in his life – except maybe a bizarre emotional attachment to that which has not helped him. How many in the pastoral ministry are like our 300 pound friend whose words carry no weight? The glowing testimony doesn’t pass the test.
Incarnation and declaration are means of revelation. The Name of God shows what God is like and the Word of God informs as to what God has done. Declaration of the Word without incarnation of the Name insures poverty of ministry. Do we need less Word of God? No. But we do need, and must have more Name of God.
Pastoral authority and personal credibility
You’ve been called into ministry and you have responded by becoming a serious student of Scripture, serving in various capacities in your church, and getting a solid education in the things of the ministry – theology, ministry, history, Biblical languages, administration, counseling, etc. Your gifting and calling have been recognized and you have been encouraged numerous times by various people. It’s easy to fall into the trap of thinking that call + preparation = authority. This formula is short-sighted.
Your authority is the Word of God you preach, but your credibility is the Name of God you manifest! We have to make a distinction between authority and credibility – Jesus did. Consider His advice to the people about the Pharisees –
Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to His disciples, saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses; therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them. Matthew 23:1-3
The Word of God has inherent authority, but authority was never meant to stand alone. The authority of the message is to be accompanied by the credibility of the one who speaks it. When authority is separated from credibility the power to persuade is eroded. We can see this in the life of Lot. Lot heard from the angels that God was about to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah and that he was take his family and flee those cities. He went and told his sins-in-law that the city was about to be judged for its wickedness and destroyed by the Lord. Here’s how Genesis 19:14 reads:
Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were to marry his daughters, and said, “Up, get out of this place, for the LORD will destroy the city.” But he appeared to his sons-in-law to be jesting.
Lot’s life lacked spiritual credibility so much so that even though his message was true, it lacked spiritual authority and the ability to persuade. He lived such an unspiritual life that when he does speak of spiritual things, his sons-in-law think that he’s joking around with them – they couldn’t take him seriously. Is this not the condition of many within the church today? The word we speak is drowned out by the life we live. Our lack of credibility undermines the authority of the Word of God. The world doesn’t see us living the Name and therefore doesn’t respond to us speaking the Word. We are told that there is a crisis of authority today – in actuality, it is more a crisis of credibility. We are told that if we learn the Word, study the Word, polish the Word, preach the Word that the world will come. Yes and no. We haven’t clearly understood the scope of the challenge facing the church in the 21st century. If those who claim to follow Jesus would truly do so, our message would gain a more respectful hearing. It’s not so much that they don’t believe the message (and they don’t), but that they don’t believe us, the messengers!
The order of the ministry essentials that Jesus highlights in John 17 is so crucial – Name before Word. And here’s why –
Like the legs which hang down from the lame, so is a proverb in the mouth of fools. Pr. 26:7
A lack of credibility results in the loss of authority.